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Unit Trusts and Open Ended Investment Companies Collective Investments
Unit trusts and Open Ended Investment Companies (OEICs) are types of collective investments. In a collective investment, each individual investment is pooled with every other individual investment and then invested as a whole by the manager of the investment.
Different unit trust and OEIC funds invest in different asset classes – shares, bonds, cash and property. Some funds focus on just one asset class, while others invest in two or more. Irrespective of the asset class or classes they invest in, most fund managers will hold a wide spread of investments in their chosen asset class. That is one of the reasons why unit trusts and OEICs are popular with investors spreading investments across a range of businesses can help reduce a funds volatility and the risks for its investors.
Although unit trusts and OEICs are both open-ended investments, where the size of the fund varies according to market supply and demand, there are a number of key differences between the two types of funds.
Investors in unit trusts buy and sell a portion of the total fund in the form of units. The price unit holders initially pay for units (the bid price) is higher than the price they can sell the units for (the offer price): the difference between the two prices is known as the spread. In order for unit holders to make a return on their investment, the closing bid price must always be higher than the opening offer price. An OEIC fund on the other hand, does not trade in units but issues shares to its investors and is therefore an investment company – a less complex entity than a unit trust. Shares in an OEIC have a single price, which is determined by the value of the fund’s underlying investments. All shares in an OEIC are bought and sold at one single price, so theres no bid/offer spread to take into account.
The value of an investment in a unit trust or OEIC will vary according to the total value of the fund, which is determined by the performance of the investments the fund manager makes. Unit trusts and OEICs usually impose an up-front charge and annual management fees, some of which are declared as a percentage of the investment, while others are built into the price.
We all know that the glitter of gold can be too hard to resists sometimes. This is why investing in gold has become one of the most profitable transactions that you can make these days. When it comes to choosing the right gold products you surely have where to pick from: 1 kilo gold bar, gold coins, gold bullion, one ounce gold bars, gold funds and so on. The variety of gold investments is daunting, therefore making a choice can become a rather difficult task.
Gold is and has been the preferred investment for Indians especially because the potential price increase and because it is considered a hedge against inflation. Studies show that when the inflation rises with 10 percent, for example, then the process for gold will rise for 30%.
Throughout generations, gold has been one of the most trusted investment vehicles. Taking into consideration that the gold production on a worldwide scale is far below than the demand, gold prices are likely to go up in the months to come. Gold has proved itself to be the only medium of exchange that is absolutely free of credit risk. This is why the trend among investors is to invest at least part of their savings in the precious metal.
Buying gold however, can take numerous forms. One of the most popular ways of investing in gold in India is definitely jewellery. For Indians, owning gold jewellery is a sign of wealth and it gives them the advantage of owning physical gold and also being able to use it for fashion purposes at the same time. Of course, there is a downside to this also: the loss of value due to impurities, the high charges and exchange rates when and if they decide to sell them.
Another gold investment product, which has become quite popular is represented by the gold bar. This is the oldest form of gold preservation and the advantage of this product is that it can be found in various sizes: one ounce gold bar, 1 kilo gold bar, 20 grams gold bar and so on. This gold product offers the satisfaction of holding gold and knowing that you can buy or sell it online at any time. When you own physical gold bars then you need to deposit it in a vault and take out insurance in order to protect your investment.
India, as well as other important economic powers of the world, such as China, have started to invest heavily in gold. Therefore, when you want to make sure that you protect your investments then you have to start doing the same thing.
Have you ever dreamt to work in a top-notch financial firm and earn high salary job? If yes, then don’t waste your time and enroll your name in an online university to earn finance degree. As the businesses are expanding nowadays with fast rate, so finance degree holders are also in demand to handle the finance operation in a prominent way. Finance is the backbone of an origination which helps to make an accurate strategy for an organization and helps to grow it in a right direction.
Academic profile The academic structure of finance degree includes various streams like International Securities, Investment, Capital Markets and Banking, Regulation and Compliance, Corporate Finance, Financial Engineering and others. Finance Degree from online mode is offered by almost all universities at Associate, Bachelor’s, Master’s and doctorate level. Online mode is the best way for the students who don’t get time for the traditional classes. The degree at bachelor’s level will give you opportunity to start your job as a fresher whereas if you have acquired master’s degree in finance degree, then you will get many prestigious positions at higher levels. If you opt for finance specialization at Master’s degree in Business Administration then it would be wise investment for your career, as this professional degree would give you a plenty of job prospects at managerial level.
Some of the popular university which offer finance degree online are listed as below: Walden University University of Phoenix Capella University Kaplan University Florida tech university online Upper Iowa university
Employment opportunities Finance degree from online mode assures reputed job in top-notch financial firms with high paying job. It opens lots of employment opportunities in several sectors like commercial, education, non-commercial, IT, media, public and non-profit organizations. Moreover, aspirants get esteemed positions in different companies as a finance manager, Accountant, financial planner, Auditor, financial analyst, financial advisor, Credit analyst, Chief Financial Officer (CFO), Certified Public Accountant (CPA,) investment banker and others.
Start your business After holding finance degree, you can even start your business and give financial advice to other companies. With your own skill and knowledge of finance operation, you can find out the excellent path and develop your business accordingly. Aspirants can work outstandingly with their dynamic approach and plans to get high Return On investment (ROI) in each financial year.
Conclusion If you are a working professional and want to update your resume, then Finance Degree from online mode is the best way to make your academic profile worth a look. The degree provides you required skills, tools and techniques of financial operation which are essential to make finance strategies for a company.
Pradeep is a educational consultant who provides the information for students and proffessionals . He gives a lots of article like Finance degree online and others . For more information you can visit on this site uiu.edu .
Iraq has third largest oil reserve in the world and the Iraqi dinar is considered as a good investment option owing to an increase in oil production. The popularity of this currency has increased considerably over time. Many people prefer to buy dinar online.
Oil trading being the main asset of Iraq, it attracts a lot of investment from foreign countries every year. Oil trade has helped a great deal in developing the economic conditions of the country and many private investors are purchasing Iraqi dinar as investment. It is estimated that once the government there reach stability, the investors will make huge profits.
If you are planning to make an investment in the Iraqi currency, there are a few steps to follow:
– Do a proper research before investing and gain a good knowledge about new and old Iraqi dinar.
– There are good chances to get scammed in such an investment. Gather information about the anti counterfeiting measures of the foreign currency.
– It is very important to find an authentic dealer or else you may lose your money. The best way to buy is contacting your local bank. If they sell foreign currency, then that is the safest option. Another place to buy currency is online. It is not only fast but easy too. A good dealer will provide you with all the details and the information related to buying and the risk involved. You can easily browse online and contact a number of dealers.
Finding a credible and trustworthy dealer is a very important thing. You must write down all the doubts you have in mind and ask questions before finalizing the dealer. You can enquire from the dealer about their ratings with the Better Business bureau to check their credibility. Look for a dealer who has been in business for over 4 years. Also check with them the certificates of authenticity to see if the dinars are real. You should also see a copy of US treasury registration. Dont trust everything that a dealer has to say to you without verifying the facts.
You should also keep in mind that the return on any foreign currency is not guaranteed. Your profit will depend on a number of market factors. A lot of people have got good returns by investing in this currency over the years.
Be sure to do proper homework and take some advice from the experts before making any investment.
There is a plethora of jobs in the finance industry. Many finance jobs are centered around several primary professions such as commercial banking and investment banking. Naturally the most common jobs fall within those two categories. Currently, the more popular of the two is investment banking. Consequently, the most popular job roles in finance are positions in the investment banking arena.
Industry coverage is a large area covered by investment bankers who specialize in product groups such as utilities, aerospace, real estate, etc. This group has a group of senior bankers called Managing Directors which are backed by Directors, Vice Presidents and Associates. The managing director will help strategize the next move for the group as it grows and the team usually recruits new graduates into this group quite aggressively.
Corporate finance is an area with the primary function of raising money for corporate ventures. As an analyst in this group, you would be responsible for preparing registrations and attend road shows where investors are sold securities. Debt Capital Markets or Equity Capital Markets originate new issues of bonds or securities. They advise about the best time to issue these new debts or equities. Mergers and Acquisitions is yet another department which is under investment banking. Mergers and acquisitions generate fee income for investment banks. The bank sets up the acquisition even under market conditions that would make the acquisition unfavorable through creative methods that benefit all parties and the bank gets paid handsomely for their effort.
Project Finance help fund the infrastructure of a government or oil capital project, generally funneling funds from one foreign country to another when other options for borrowing have dried up. Trading is a job with which most of us are familiar. It is sales of securities on the stock market floor or from an office. Structured finance, derivatives, advisory, equity and fixed income research and international sales and emerging markets are other jobs that can be performed in investment banking.
Public finance, retail brokerage or stockbroker, institutional sales and ratings analyst are the remaining positions in investment banking. Many of these jobs are more glamorous than the others, but they all pay well. The most popular job roles in finance include any position in investment banking which comes with a hefty salary and many also pay bonuses. Commission often accompanies any position that generates sales to compensate for performance. Ratings analysts command an average annual salary of 68,000 with an average of 5,000 in bonuses. An exceptional employee should expect a higher salary. A managing director in Industry Coverage can command a salary of 130,000 to 220,000 annually. The job you pursue in Investment Banking will be your personal choice. Your compensation will be excellent and hopefully, you will find a home based on your talent and interests.
In these tough economic times, nearly anyone could fall into financial hardship. Regardless of the circumstances surrounding a person’s situation, financial obligations do not let up. Very easily, a person can feel too far behind to ever catch up.
Whether medical problems, extended unemployment, or other unforeseen circumstances are the cause of financial distress, loan modification lawyers can help. Loan modification lawyers can work with creditors to renegotiate the terms of a loan.
While loan modification lawyers in NJ may work in the same practice as bankruptcy attorneys, but generally have a different emphasis. Normally, loan modification lawyers seek to prevent bankruptcy or foreclosure.
Loan modification lawyers know that creditors, especially the holder of a home mortgage, want to avoid the bankruptcy and foreclosure process. If a NJ bank has to foreclose on a property and work with bankruptcy lawyers, they will lose a lot of money.
NJ bankruptcy lawyers and NJ bankruptcy attorneys know that the foreclosure process itself is very expensive, so most banks would like to avoid it if at all possible. Loan modification lawyers help take advantage of this fact to negotiate loan conditions that allow the client to meet payments.
Loan modification lawyers can help a client ask for smaller payments spread over a longer time, or for a lower interest rate. Taking this step can keep a client and family in their home, and can be a responsible step to take at the earlier stages of financial distress.
NJ bankruptcy attorneys can help clients if loan modification offers are rejected or were not sufficient to alleviate financial distress. If a person simply cannot meet his or her financial obligations, NJ bankruptcy attorneys can serve as guides through the bankruptcy process.
Like the loan modification experts, NJ bankruptcy attorneys can work to keep families in their homes. NJ bankruptcy lawyers, however, must work within the court system to meet this goal. Once in court, a judge must approve the NJ bankruptcy lawyer’s plan to pay debtors.
NJ bankruptcy lawyers can ask for different arrangements, depending on circumstances. They can request that payments be adjusted, or that debt be absolved with the sale of the property.
Unfortunately, without NJ bankruptcy attorneys or NJ bankruptcy lawyers, the process can be very complicated. NJ bankruptcy lawyers specialize in this legal area, and can simplify and explain all options and proceedings. Clients also appreciate NJ bankruptcy attorneys’ assistance with completing and submitting paperwork.
At the Law Offices of Kasuri & Levy, LLC, we have over 45 years of experience. Our loan modification lawyers have an outstanding reputation, and are known for handling complex matters with a comforting and personalized touch. We focus on providing quality service to each client, rather than handling client matters with quantity in mind. Learn more at www.kasuriandlevy.com.
Most people get Real Estate wrong for two simple reasons.:
1. They don’t understand the difference between an asset and a liability
2. They don’t understand the difference between investing and speculating
The broke majority live under the misguided belief that their family home is an asset. An asset by definition is Something valuable that an entity owns, benefits from or has use of, in generating income. The key is the words generating income. By that definition your home is not an asset, it is a liability. It does not generate income, it costs you money.
The broke majority will borrow as much as they possibly can, to buy the most expensive home they can afford, in the mistaken belief that this is a good investment. In fact they are are burdening themselves with the worst kind of debt. Long term, expensive, non-deductible debt that produces no income in return. The same kind of debt that lead to the housing collapse in the USA.
Successful investors understand this crucial point. Your home is not an investment.
The Business Dictionary defines an investment as Money committed or property acquired for future income. Now some will argue that an investment doesn’t have to produce an income and cite as an example gold bullion, collectibles or share futures contracts. By definition, none of these are investments, they are items of speculation. They can go up in value or, just as easily, go down. You are speculating on the future trade-able value, not investing in the inherent value of the income an asset represents. Tens of thousands of homeowners around the world discovered in 2009 that home values can fall and can fall dramatically and disastrously.
If you buy a house to live in with no income return expected from it, but in the hope it will increase in value, you are speculating not Investing.
If you buy a house to rent out, you are investing. The Australian government has long recognised the difference and that is why they allow you to claim the expenses relating to a rental property, including interest payments, as a tax deduction but do not allow any deductions for expenses incurred in buying a house to live in. In other words, the government is willing to share the risk of investing in income generating real estate because the risks are lower than tying up your money in your home.
Smart investors have a small or no mortgage on their own home and the majority of their borrowings are for rental property because that is the lowest risk strategy. They also get the best advice they can on quickly reducing the mortgage on their home.
The Accounting and Finance BSc degree course is designed so that you will study the core concepts and methods of financial accounting and management accounting across all three years, supplemented by appropriate topics from the field of finance.
In year one and year two of this Accounting and Finance BSc, you will study a range of subjects that provide support for more advanced study in the final year.
You will be given a range of options to help you acquire the understanding of modern theories and empirical evidence relating to accounting.
The anticipated destination of Accounting and Finance BSc graduates is management roles in a wide range of private, public and third sector organisations (including social enterprises), particularly the most innovative students.
A small number of Accounting and Finance BSc students may form their own businesses on graduation, or within a few years of graduating.
However, the intent of the programme is not to encourage too-early business formation, but to develop wider enterprising competencies that will enable employability in a range of organisations.
Understanding better quality venture creation should be the result for students who choose this Accounting and Finance BSc degree course.
Understanding better quality venture creation should be the result for students who choose this Accounting and Finance BSc degree course.
The University of Southamptons Management School has an enviable record for producing high-calibre graduates who move quickly into good careers soon after finishing their studies.
The latest survey of Management School graduates showed that 89% were employed or undertaking further study six months after graduating.
Employers value the quality of our programmes and recognise the skills of our graduates. Many of our graduates go on to professional training and graduate management schemes, while others begin careers in management, accounting, finance or banking.
To discover more information about the Finance and Accounting degree course at the University of Southampton, simply visit the Management Schools website at www.southampton.ac.uk/management
Having a diverse investment portfolio usually means to continue investing, but also keeping these assets safe from any negative actions that may take place on the market. Even if there are various ways people can choose from in order to invest, the investors now prefer to have a limited number of transactions. This is mainly due to the financial crisis that has spread around the entire world, but also to people not being able to take advantage of the benefits that certain investment offer. However, in order to diversify the investment portfolio, it is best to understand what this diversity implies.
It is not that hard for anyone to understand that diversification implies that the investor choose to put his money in various stocks from different sectors of the market. People who make investments in various products or services prefer to do it in order to keep away their assets from the sudden changes that may happen on the market. This way they can lose some of the investments value while keeping safe other financial ventures. Some of the bad effects that can appear on the market may be temporary, while others may last permanently. For this reason, it is recommended to invest in more stocks so that to not lose all the assets gained so far.
The investment specialized advice those who want to venture themselves in financial businesses to make small deals at first. This way, they are given the possibility to invest in more fields and also to give up the poor speculation without losing a great sum of money. One of the best investments that can be made given the actual financial crisis is in gold. This precious metal is known to have resisted on the market from the ancient times. The value of gold has never decreased significantly and people tend to trust it more than any other commodity.
Due to the fact that the market has experienced a lot of uncertainty in the past few years makes it difficult for investors to recognize a good deal. Even the real estate domain has diminished its value so much that those who want to invest turn their attention away.
This being said, gold has started to win ground on the market because people have realized that this precious metal will always continue to be demanded on the market. It is even more precious because it can be used in various industries. So, investors cannot go wrong with such businesses and at least a small profit is to be expected.
In todays crumbling, commercial real estate market, both borrowers and lenders find themselves in quite a precarious predicament. Borrowers struggle to make their commercial mortgage payments, while lenders are crippled by the increasing number of defaults on commercial property. Right now the best solution to this problem is commercial mortgage modification.
Commercial mortgage modification is the process of renegotiating the terms of a commercial loan. This is done typically by reducing the interest rate or monthly payment on the loan. Other benefits to the borrower may include an extension of the loan term, a forbearance or moratorium on payments, and of course an alternative to foreclosure.
A commercial mortgage modification is about risk to the lender. A lender will only consider a modification if a borrower is in default or at risk of defaulting. The most important thing the lender will look at in determining whether or not to modify a commercial note is cash flow. One very important calculation used in determining cash flow is called the DCR or Debt Coverage Ratio. This ratio is used by the underwriters to determine if a modification can be approved. If a property is breaking even, meaning the income generated is equal to the operating expenses, the DCR would be equal to 1. If commercial property has a positive cash flow, meaning the income the property generates is more than sufficient to cover the mortgage payment and all of the operating expenses, the DCR is greater than 1. If the property is losing money, the DCR would be less than 1. A lender will most likely not modify the commercial note, if the property already has a DCR greater than 1. Commercial lenders writing new commercial loans will most likely require a DCR of 1.25 or greater.
The most common form of payment reduction seen in a commercial mortgage modification is when the lender converts a principal and interest payment to an interest only payment. A lender may consider this form of commercial loan modification to help the borrower improve their cash flow. By only paying the interest on the loan, as opposed to principal and interest, the payment becomes more affordable for the borrower.
However, in extreme circumstances, reducing the mortgage payment to interest only is just not enough for a commercial property owner. If a lender sees that the borrower will still have negative cash flow even after reducing the payment to interest only, they may consider a reduction in the interest rate. Although the interest rate reduction may be temporary, it will help the borrower free up capital and maintain the mortgage payment on time. Although uncommon, lenders have lowered interest rates to as low as 1% even, to avoid an even more costly foreclosure.